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Four stand-out points in the September U.S. jobs report

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Oct 8 (Reuters) – For a second straight month, U.S. job progress proved to be bitterly disappointing in September, coming in greater than 300,000 jobs wanting what many economists had penciled in. That’s after August’s report initially got here in virtually half 1,000,000 jobs under economists’ consensus estimate. learn extra

But the 41-page Bureau of Labor Statistics report incorporates a huge vary of information on the U.S. job market, and there may be loads of fodder for each the glass-half-full and glass-half-empty camps.

Not surprisingly, President Joe Biden solid his lot with the first group. “Jobs up, wages up, unemployment down. That’s progress,” he stated after the launch of the report.

Here are 4 information points that stood out.

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UNEMPLOYMENT RATE DROPS

The unemployment price fell for a 3rd straight month and by way more than was anticipated. Now at 4.8%, it’s 10 proportion points south of its peak stage in April 2020. Most economists agree it’s an imperfect measure of the well being of the labor market, but it surely nonetheless components closely in each the common individual’s and typical policymaker’s reckoning of the economic system, and it’s enhancing at a tempo not seen after most recessions. In truth, the newest stage is already the place Federal Reserve officers on stability had estimated it will be at the finish of the 12 months.

Reuters Graphics
Reuters Graphics

NO MORE $300 A WEEK

Among the many superlatives in the September report, this one jumped off the web page: The ranks of the long-term unemployed, or these out of labor for greater than half a 12 months, fell by the most ever final month, with 560,000 individuals leaving these rolls. Why? Simple – the cash ran out. A $300 per week federal complement to plain state jobless advantages expired close to the begin of the month. The emergency program had been on its method out since the early summer time when 26 principally Republican-led states ended the advantages early. But the closing cull occurred final month. The query now could be what number of of these individuals transition again into the job market in the months forward.

Reuters Graphics
Reuters Graphics

WAGE INFLATION?

There’s no scarcity of anecdotes about employers engaging individuals again to work with greater pay, however given how noisy the information has been throughout the coronavirus pandemic, discovering proof of an actual development rising has been difficult. The Labor Department’s common hourly earnings information, nonetheless, has settled down in the previous half a 12 months and a brand new – and for now greater – progress sample seems to be rising. Average hourly pay rose 0.6% final month – once more greater than anticipated – and over the final six months has now averaged a achieve of 0.5% per 30 days. That’s roughly twice the month-to-month wage improve that prevailed earlier than the pandemic.

Reuters Graphics
Reuters Graphics

SEASONAL ADJUSTMENTS

Schools reopened this 12 months in far higher numbers than a 12 months in the past when vaccines have been nonetheless in the growth stage and plenty of public faculties kicked off a 12 months of hybrid or absolutely on-line instruction. So why did public faculty employment drop by 144,000 final month? Answer: It did not. And it is all the fault of “seasonal adjustments.” September is usually the strongest month for hiring at U.S. public faculties, with roughly 850,000 jobs added at the begin of every faculty 12 months from 2000 by way of 2019. Then got here the pandemic and September job progress at public faculties in the final two years was 15-20% under that development – throwing off the Labor Department’s seasonal-adjustment fashions.

Reporting by Dan Burns
Editing by Paul Simao

A delivery worker is pictured on the street in New York City, New York, U.S., September 23, 2021.  REUTERS/David 'Dee' Delgado/File Photo

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