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Kuwait’s stateless bedoun in limbo as hundreds lose bank accounts


KUWAIT, Oct 14 (Reuters) – Frontline employee Ahmad al-Enezi, a member of Kuwait’s stateless neighborhood, has spent the final 14 months misplaced in a bureaucratic maze after his bank account was suspended, freezing entry to his wage and financial savings in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Enezi’s predicament has its origins in a push by the Gulf nation to find out the standing of its stateless residents, in the newest chapter of what its critics see as an everlasting human rights abuse.

Enezi and his household are amongst tens of 1000’s of Arabs recognized as bedoun — from the Arabic “bedoun jinsiyya” which means “without nationality”– who’ve been preventing for many years to realize Kuwaiti citizenship.

Similar communities exist in another Gulf states, which, like Kuwait, provide a beneficiant cradle-to-grave welfare system to residents however to not folks deemed stateless.

Kuwait says most of its stateless persons are migrants from different international locations who hid their nationalities and classifies them as unlawful residents.

Authorities have intensified stress on the neighborhood over the past two years to “reveal their country of origin” or settle for an “assigned citizenship” based mostly on investigations by Kuwaiti state safety providers.

The marketing campaign coincides with rising strains on state funds following a interval of low oil costs and an financial slowdown attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic. learn extra

Enizi’s bank is demanding legitimate identification and Kuwaiti authorities are refusing to resume his residency card except Enezi, 26, accepts to be recognized as an Iraqi citizen.

“I wish I was Iraqi … At least expatriates’ lives in Kuwait are better than ours,” Enezi, a civil servant at Sulaibiya hospital, informed Reuters, referring to the lesser rights of stateless folks in Kuwait.

“Nobody can live 14 months without their salary,” he stated, talking in his dad or mum’s house with a metallic sheet roof in one of many poorest neighbourhoods in the rich oil producer.

“They will not renew my card because they say I am an Iraqi national,” Enezi stated.

His father Kamel informed Reuters that he himself was born in Kuwait and that Enezi’s paternal grandfather was current in 1934 earlier than Kuwait formally gained independence from Britain in 1961.


The Bedoun are descendants of nomadic Bedouin tribes which for hundreds of years roamed freely with their herds throughout the area and fell by way of the cracks when trendy Gulf states had been shaped.


Stateless residents wait to get their Security Cards which can be issued by the Central Agency for Remedying Illegal Residents Status in Ardiya, Kuwait September 27, 2021. Picture taken September 27, 2021. REUTERS/Stephanie McGehee

Official authorities information says that at the very least 85,000 bedoun folks live in Kuwait however activists say the quantity may very well be as excessive as 200,000. Many didn’t apply for citizenship in the Sixties as a result of they had been illiterate or couldn’t produce paperwork, or didn’t understand how necessary citizenship would grow to be.

International rights group say their standing presents obstacles to acquiring civil documentation and social providers and impairs rights to well being, marriage, training and work.

No official information is publicly accessible on the precise variety of bedoun whose bank accounts have been frozen over identification points, however native media have stated they embrace authorities staff, army employees and personal sector staff.

“The numbers of those who have lodged complaints are in the hundreds only,” stated Tarik Albaijan, an official in Kuwait’s Central Agency For Remedying Illegal Residents’ Status, which handles bedoun affairs.

“We are coordinating with the banks and others including the private sector on this,” he informed Reuters, including the federal government was dealing with this on a case-by-case foundation.

Several Kuwaiti newspapers earlier this 12 months stated the defence minister instructed that bedoun troopers obtain their salaries “for humanitarian considerations”.


Ebtihal al-Khateeb, a tutorial in Kuwait University, stated many bedoun had refused to just accept new identification paperwork with nationalities assigned to them by authorities authorities.

“The government wants to change the bedoun issue to an illegal residents problem … And the result is this kind of blackmail which leads to a complete suspension of their lives,” Khateeb stated.

Asked how nationalities had been being assigned to bedoun who insist they’re Kuwaitis, Albaijan stated that it was based mostly on investigations by authorities, together with intelligence providers.

He says these findings are entered into the federal government system and set up a foundation for coping with particular person instances.

In the poor al-Sulaibiya neighbourhood the place Enezi lives, Kuwaiti flags fluttered above small homes the place hundreds of bedoun households have lived over the past many years. Dozens of American SUVs had been parked in the potholed streets.

Another bedoun in the realm who would solely be recognized as Abu Jaber stated he additionally misplaced entry to his bank account.

“I was shocked when it (the bank) asked me to provide something that is impossible (valid ID),” he stated. “We have been experiencing a social, psychological and financial setback since.”

Writing by Aziz El Yaakoubi, Editing by William Maclean

Stateless residents wait to get their Security Cards that are issued by the  Central Agency for Remedying Illegal Residents Status in Ardiya, Kuwait September 27, 2021. Picture taken September 27, 2021. REUTERS/Stephanie McGehee

Ahmad al-Enezi, a stateless frontline worker pours tea at his home in Sulaibiya, Kuwait September 6,2021. REUTERS/Stephanie McGehee

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